Monday, October 30, 2017

Rockefeller Medicine

Western Medicine is Rockefeller Medicine – All The Way

How many must feel, stuck on the Western medicine hamster wheel of pill after pill after pill …

Western medicine is Rockefeller medicine – all the way.

Western medicine has some good points, for sure, and is great in an emergency, but it’s high time people realized that today’s mainstream medicine (western medicine or allopathy), with its focus on drugs, radiation and surgery, is at its foundation a Rockefeller creation. The Rockefellers, of course, are one of the most rich and powerful families of the elite black nobility. Behind their spurious facade of philanthropy, they are power-hungry tyrants intent on owning the entire world, and depopulating it through eugenics-based programs like forced sterilization, water fluoridation, abortions and vaccinations. They have either majorly or fully created (and still dominate) the United Nations, the World Health Organization, the Council on Foreign Relations, the Trilateral Commission, Planned Parenthood and many, many other organizations that either rule the world or influence culture to a large extent.
Despite the dominance of western medicine nowadays, even just 100 years ago the situation was very different, so it’s worthwhile casting our minds back to how the we got to this place. How did western medicine and the giant conglomerate of multinational pharmaceutical corporations (“Big Pharma”) become the mainstream medical system in the US and other first world nations? And what alternatives are there?

Petroleum Drugs

Let’s go back in time to the late 1800s. John D. Rockefeller, a man quoted to have said “competition is sin”, is the head of the Rockefeller family and has just become very rich through extracting oil from the ground. Now he is looking for ways to capitalize even further with his oil, and he comes across the idea of using coal tar – a petroleum derivative – to make substances that affect the human mind, body and nervous system. These are called drugs, and they are excellent at masking or stopping symptoms, but overall do not cure the underlying cause of a disease.
Like other elite leaders of the New World Order who fit the description of an “evil genius” – those high on intellect and low on compassion – Rockefeller used his oil money to buy out part of the massive German pharmaceutical cartel, I.G. Farben. This was the very same cartel that would later assist Hitler to implement his eugenics-based vision of a New World Order founded on racial supremacy, by manufacturing chemicals and poisons for war. With the control of drug manufacturing under his wings, Rockefeller then embarked on a decidedly wicked plan – wicked from the point of view of a free and healthy humanity, but brilliant from a business perspective.

Western medicine relies on Big Pharma’s petroleum drugs, which the body can never ultimately assimilate. Meanwhile, it engages in biopiracy to steal Nature’s best compounds and patent them.

Destroying any Competition to Western Medicine

Rockefeller saw that there were many types of doctors and healing modalities in existence at that time, from chiropractic to naturopathy to homeopathy to holistic medicine to herbal medicine and more. He wanted to eliminate the competitors of western medicine (the only modality which would propose drugs and radiation as treatment, thus enriching Rockefeller who owned the means to produce these treatments), so he hired a man called Abraham Flexner to submit a report to Congress in 1910. This report “concluded” that there were too many doctors and medical schools in America, and that all the natural healing modalities which had existed for hundreds or thousands of years were unscientific quackery. It called for the standardization of medical education, whereby only the allopathic-based AMA be allowed to grant medical school licenses in the US.
Sadly, Congress acted upon the conclusions and made them law. Incredibly, allopathy became the standard mainstream modality, even though its 3 main methods of treatment in the 1800s had been blood-letting, surgery and the injection of toxic heavy metals like lead and mercury to supposedly displace disease! It should be noted that hemp was also demonized and criminalized not long after this, not because there is anything dangerous about it, but because it was a huge threat (as both medicine and fuel) to the Rockefeller drug and oil industries, respectively.

The Rockefeller and Carnegie Tax-Exempt Foundations for “Efficient” Philanthropy

The story doesn’t stop there. Rockefeller and another elite leader Carnegie used their tax-exempt Foundations, from 1913 on, to offer huge grants to the best medical schools all over America – on the proviso that only an allopathic-based curriculum be taught, and that some of their agents be allowed to sit on the Board of Directors. They called this “efficient” philanthropy, which, when through the Orwellian translation unit, means they wanted a return on their investment. They systematically dismantled the curricula of these schools by removing any mention of the natural healing power of herbs and plants, or of the importance of diet to health. The result is a system which to this day churns out doctors who are, almost always, utterly clueless about nutrition and disregard the idea that what you eat can actually heal or hurt you.
A couple of decades after this, another law was passed that further entrenched western medicine in America. The Hill-Burton Act of 1946 gave hospitals grants for construction and modernization, on the condition they provide free healthcare to anyone in need, without discrimination of any kind. Although there were good sides to this, the downside was that once people had become dependent on this system for their healthcare needs – especially those on pharmaceutical pills which need to be taken day after day without end – the system switched into a paid system, and the Rockefellers found themselves with new lifelong customers.
The bitter truth is that, in general, when you go to your Western doctor, you are seen as a potential market for the medical factory’s products. For Big Pharma, there is no financial incentive to heal you, because a patient cured is a customer lost. Even if you are not sick, Big Pharma is still targeting you, trying to convince you that you are ill (e.g. with psychiatry’s ridiculous list of fictitious diseases, many of them fake) so that you will try its latest pill. Pregnant women who go to the doctor are treated like this, and peddled intravenous fluid bags, fetal monitors, ultrasound (radiation for a vulnerable baby), a host of drugs, the totally unnecessary episiotomy, and – to top it all off – the Caesarean delivery!

Bio-Piracy: The Business Model of Western Medicine’s Big Pharma Cartel

Remember, all these synthetic drugs are isolates. Many are derived from plant compounds, but because Nature cannot be patented and sold, Big Pharma has no interest in natural cures. What they do instead is engage in bio-piracy – research natural compounds, copy them (or modify them slightly) in a lab, then try to steal and patent them. If they get a patent, they then market their pill as a wonder drug while simultaneously (through fake scientific research) suppress and criticize the original plant as being worthless, so you won’t go to the source of the cure. Ironically, guess what type of medicine John D. Rockefeller used and the British Royal Family still uses? Homeopathy!
Modern western medicine seems to have lost the supposed point of its existence: healing people. In his revealing book “Confessions of a Medical Heretic“, Dr. Robert Mendolsohn quotes an article entitled “Cleveland’s Marvelous Medical Factory” which boasted of the Cleveland Clinic’s “accomplishments last year: 2,980 open-heart operations, 1.3 million laboratory tests, 73,320 electrocardiograms, 7,770 full-body x-ray scans, 24,368 surgical procedures.” Seems fancy, yet none of these procedures has been proven to have anything to do with maintaining or restoring health. When people get screened for a disease, they are being subjected to dangerous radiation (more money for the Rockefellers) which harms tissue and can end up causing the exact disease it is supposed to be protecting against – as happens daily with the mammogram scam, designed to drum up new breast cancer clients.

John D. Rockefeller, the oil tycoon who helped create Big Pharma and Western Medicine.

Rockefeller Philanthropy is Social Control

The Rockefellers and other elites use philanthropy as a tool for control. It’s social engineering with a nice PR sheen. A free lunch is not really free, whether private (Rockefeller-style western medicine) or public/governmental (Obama-style socialized medicine), because even if you get something at no cost, you are required to give up your data and your privacy. They want you dependent on their system – then they’ll raise the rates once you’re trapped.
This is big business – and it’s also a big killer. Dr. Barbara Starfield published a study in the year 2000 that found that there were 225,000 iatrogenic (allopathic doctor caused) deaths in the US every year. However, this was only counting direct deaths; when you factor in all indirect deaths, as Dr. Gary Null did in 2011 in his report Death by Medicine, the figure is closer to 784,000 per year! That’s 7.8 million people dead from western medicine every 10 years!
Null concluded: “It is evident that the American medical system is the leading cause of death and injury in the United States …”
Whenever a lot of people die in a staged false flag attack (like 3000 people on 9/11) or in a staged mind control shooting (like 50 or so people) we hear all about it on the media. Yet between 616 and 2147 Americans are dying every day from Rockefeller Western medicine, and we don’t hear a thing!

Natural Solutions that Surpass Rockefeller-Created Western Medicine

At this point let us turn from the problem to the solutions – and fortunately there are many. The famous ancient Greek physician Hippocrates wrote:
“Nature heals. The doctor’s task consists in strengthening the natural healing powers, to direct them, and especially not to interfere with them.”
The immune system is your number one defense against any disease – not a vaccine. Most natural medicine is designed to treat the body holistically, not to “cure” one disease only to have it transform and mutate into another ailment. When you takes plants and herbs as medicine, you normally take the whole food, not an isolate, because it is based on a holistic understanding. Likewise, Traditional Chinese Medicine defines all disease as stagnation and treats sickness as an imbalance to be brought back into balance. What is the point of transferring an imbalance in one area into an imbalance in another area? None, unless you are trying to profit off disease like Big Pharma. It is not real healing.
There are so many natural cures and remedies out there, if you take the time to look. Two examples among thousands are turmeric which will do more for your blood pressure and diabetes than any drug can, and apricot kernels (rich in laetrile which selectively kills cancer cells and leaves healthy ones intact) which will handle cancer better than chemotherapy. The Gerson Therapy has also healed thousands of “terminal” cancer patients who were told by doctors of western medicine, “there’s nothing more we can do for you.”
Western medicine has its time and place, and its strengths and weaknesses. Western medicine may be a good system in a critical emergency and for complicated surgical procedures, but for general conditions, there are so many better alternatives. Time to start exploring them!
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Makia Freeman is the editor of alternative news / independent media site The Freedom Articles and senior researcher at, writing on many aspects of truth and freedom, from exposing aspects of the worldwide conspiracy to suggesting solutions for how humanity can create a new system of peace and abundance.

Vaccines During Pregnancy

Vaccines During Pregnancy
- Jagannath Chatterjee'

This ought to be a subject of horror films. In the days when sanity prevailed pregnancy was out of bounds of medicine (Remember the Thalidomide tragedy?). Only a nutritious diet and exercise in the form of daily chores, and evening walks was recommended.
Things changed when specialists emerged on the scene. Drugs and invasive tests became the norm.
Then came the Tetanus vaccine though it was well known that physicians and delivery staff indulging in unhygienic practices and surgical errors was the primary source of tetanus infections. Then another Tetanus vaccine was added. The general public remained blissfully unaware that tetanus and diptheria toxoids are the best carriers for infertility agents, and that the process of vaccine manufacturing ensures the presence of both animal and human hormones (a fact admitted during the test of an African Tetanus vaccine in an Indian laboratory).
Then, according to drug industry studies, "More scientific (read business) opportunities opened up". They concentrated on the "tiny window of vulnerability" (ah, such concern!) in the first two months of an infant when not many vaccines are given. To ensure the "protection" of the infant more vaccines were recommended during pregnancy. The Influenza and the DTaP vaccine are being given.
Ethicists pointed out the dangers and gently suggested that only those vaccines be given which can benefit both mother and child, and that disease epidemiology ought to be considered; in effect trying to curb the practice. They pointed out that vaccines are never tested in pregnancy as a part of clinical trials and that there are unstudied pathways in which vaccines can harm the fetus. They also point out the adverse events reported after the Influenza vaccine was given to pregnant women. Another concern is the peculiar way the immune system behaves during pregnancy. This sage advice has been rejected. More vaccines Malaria, Zika, GBS and RSV are being readied for administration during pregnancy. Many more (I remember reading a number, 27) are under consideration.
It is being argued that non live virus vaccines cannot pose any danger to the fetus. What is not being discussed is vaccine ingredients. The only concern being studied is the chance of congenital abnormalities - a trend that will not show up readily. It is being shown that incidence of these are not more than "background rates" - meaning they are occurring anyway. What is not being considered is the high rates of still births and premature births; a fact that is today a worldwide concern. What were these rates before the process of vaccinating pregnant women started? Don't even ask that question!
The enormity of this crime merits attention. Activists are crying population control and genocide. On the face of it the accusations tend to stick.

Friday, October 27, 2017

MD - "Pediatricians Should Be Fighting Vaccines"

"Pediatricians Should Be Fighting Vaccines"
"Instead of fighting for truth and safety, you’re fighting like rats for your piece of cheese."
by James C. Meehan, Jr., MD (Preventive Medicine, Tulsa, OK)
Posted on Facebook
To all the pediatricians still trolling my page, now that I’ve got your attention, listen closely. Heed my words.
You should be FIGHTING LIKE HELL for the safety of our children from even the most remote possibility that vaccines aren’t as safe as they could be or aren’t as safe as we are being told.
Instead of fighting for truth and safety, you’re fighting like rats for your piece of cheese.
I have ZERO RESPECT for vaccine profiteers that are so financially biased, confirmation biased, indoctrinated, and willfully ignorant of the evidence that clearly shows vaccines cause injury, disease and REGRESSIVE AUTISM, that they aggressively lobby lawmakers to make vaccines mandatory, and deny parents the essential knowledge about the risks of toxic ingredients injected into their babies.
Bought by big pharma, the caretakers of children’s health have become the perpetrators of harm rather than the protectors. They profit as our precious, perfect children are harmed and killed by vaccines filled with cheap preservatives, neurotoxic adjuvants, and human cellular material derived from aborted fetal cell lines.
They are complicit accomplices in the murder-by-vaccine crimes that have made American infants THE MOST VACCINATED and THE MOST LIKELY TO DIE in the first year of life.
America’s infant mortality rate, the highest rate in ALL developed nations, is a national tragedy. The epidemic of autism, autoimmune diseases, asthma, allergies, ADHD, and pediatric cancers is far worse.
The evidence is everywhere.
Unbelievably, the epidemic of autism is rising exponentially. Today, ONE in 48 children in America suffer autism. At the present rate of increase, by 2032 ONE in TWO children AND 80% OF BOYS could be autistic.
We can’t afford to sacrifice our children and the future of our nation to the ignorance and greed of pediatricians and their big pharmaceutical vaccine manufacturer masters demanding parents submit our children to an intolerably dangerous, untested, and unnecessary vaccine schedule of 72+ injections…and rising. There are over 200 vaccines in the pipeline.
Every pediatrician, family practitioner, or vaccine profiteer that isn’t rising up against the corruption of the science of vaccines perpetrated by the CDC is betraying their oath to “first, do no harm.” They are on the wrong side of history.
Too many have given up objectivity and reason and have simply become sales representatives for the vaccine manufacturers that have so easily bought and conditioned them to believe their lies.
The blood of every vaccine injured or killed child is on the hands of every pediatrician that parroted lies like “vaccines do not cause autism” and “the science is settled.”
The science isn’t settled, it’s corrupt.
The vaccine industry will soon face the backlash as doctors, scientists, and parents across America become aware of your crimes, rise up to oppose your lies, and hold you accountable for the vaccine injury holocaust you’ve caused.
The fraudulent deceit is coming to and end. We won’t allow it to continue.
For me, uncovering the many layers of fraud and corruption that have allowed vaccines to harm so many children, is analogous to walking into an exam room in which a child is being abused by a doctor. I’m not about to look the other way and allow the abuse to continue.
I would call the police, however, in my analogy the police are the CDC, and they are participating and enabling the abuse. Regardless, I won’t ignore the abuse and allow it to continue. I’m going to stop the abusers from harming the child, and I won’t be gentle about it.
That’s how I see the travesty of the corruption of vaccines that is harming the children of America today. It’s obvious and I’m angry about my how so many of medical colleagues refuse to open the door, expose the abuse, and stop it.
In closing, I beseech my colleagues to open your eyes, minds, and the evidence that for too long you’ve negligently denied.
Confront the reality that you’ve been duped, controlled, and indoctrinated.
Free yourselves from the indoctrination. Stand with me.
Demand scientific transparency, integrity, and reform of the vaccine industry.
Join me in this fight to protect children and get yourselves on the right side of history.
Together we must STOP the abuse.
Jim Meehan, MD

The Imagination of Vaccine Supporters

The Imagination of Vaccine Supporters 
by Shawn Dhu:
"The pro vaccine fanatic's imaginary claims for vaccine safety:
Vaccine supporters don't know where their vaccines are made, how they are made, who the patents are held by, or anything about their beloved injection, for that matter.
What they do instead is imagine there is some special laboratory somewhere filled with well intended, benevolent scientists devoting their lives to save humanity. They imagine that these philanthropic scientists are not motivated by money, not hired by anyone or any institution of public concern, and are working on their own dollar and time to save all of us from disease and mass death.
They imagine these faceless scientists are working exhaustively to safety test the vaccines through ethical, transparent, long term studies. They have never seen the studies or examined the methods of proving safety for these products themselves, but they imagine these studies exist out there somewhere.
Once all the vaccines are made in this imaginary laboratory of goodness, they are transferred to the benevolent doctors who are just begging us to get injected with vaccines so to save us from horrific and inevitable disease and death. They are not familiar with the history or facts of these diseases, but they imagine they are quite scary.
They imagine that their injections of 16-17 diseases will protect them against every medical threat in the world.
They imagine food is nothing more than for taste buds, and don't believe in proper nutrition. They can't rely on nutrition and proper hygiene for optimal health, because they imagine dark death looming before them if they don't get their injections.
They imagine that everyone, everywhere throughout history was just falling dead or losing limbs, before vaccines came along.
They imagine that no such thing as a healthy human being existed before vaccinations, and that the current state of health we have now as a society where cancer and autoimmune disorders are commonplace, and one in nearly thirty something children are brain damaged from environmental toxins is the peak of health humanity has ever achieved - thanks to vaccines.
They imagine that doctors are trained in vaccines specifically, and are not motivated by any factors such as pharmaceutical sponsorships, annual bonuses, workplace pressure, or just plain ego. They imagine doctors will help your family, should you become one of the supposedly rare cases of vaccine injury or death.
They imagine you can sue vaccine manufacturers or doctors for vaccine injury or death, and that a just legal system is set in place to properly compensate families of vaccine injury and death.
They imagine vaccine injury or death does not exist, although they have no medical expertise in the field, and pretend not to see the cases of injury or death proven to be caused by vaccines.
They imagine that there are no such things as the toxicologists, immunologists, virologists, neurologists, and lawyers testifying against vaccines because they imagine there are no medical experts outside pharmaceutical commercials and doctors.
They imagine CDC whistleblowers don't exist.
They imagine vaccines are harmless injections equivalent to simply weakened viruses in saline solution. When the list of known toxins is brought to their attention, such as mercury, they imagine that these toxins are suddenly safe for injection into the human body.
They imagine that newborns, infants, and children are all unaffected by having toxins injected into their bodies.
They imagine that such a concept of human rights don't exist when it is regarding vaccines, and that institutions such as the government or pharmaceutical companies have the right to mandate any vaccine and however many vaccines they wish onto your child, and have the right to take away your child indefinitely, take away you and your child's right to education, access to medical care, access to public facilities, and equal employment, and ultimately has the right to forcefully inject you against your will.
They imagine hospitals always obtain consent from fully conscious and mentally capable patients before administering any vaccine. They imagine doctors respect the patient's rights to have ultimate say over their medical choices.
They imagine themselves to be independent thinkers critical of government, mainstream media, and Big Business but are absolutely opposed to questioning the one medical product that is most aggressively pushed by all of the above.
They imagine themselves to be well informed, intelligent individuals but refuse to look into the possibility that a medical product is possibly causing unintended injuries and deaths for a great number of people.
The imagination of vaccine supporters."

Thursday, October 26, 2017

When Doctors Were Ethical

When Doctors Were Ethical.
- Jagannath Chatterjee

Doctors are not scientists by education. They are practitioners who have to mostly blindly follow what they are taught, and increasingly obey what a coterie deciding government policies demand from them; particularly in matters of sterilization and vaccination. The problem with modern medicine is that those practitioners who question the injudicious interventions are either bludgeoned into submission, sidelined or stripped of their medical licence.
Those genuinely interested in the health of populations have realized that remaining low key, and setting shop in isolated regions is the only way to serve the masses. There are fortunately at least 20 of them in India that I know of. These doctors do not balk from studying and accepting methods from practices outside their calling. It is a tragedy that they too have to do so furtively.
This is a far cry from what we observed 30-40 years ago. Doctors then openly prescribed ayurvedic formulations like Liv 52, Diabecon, Amla and Triphala Choorna, among others.
A very popular doctor in Odisha who was also the Principal of the SCB medical college in Cuttack Dr Ragu Sahu practiced what can only be termed naturopathy and supplemented it with a few generic drugs. He had an extremely high rate of success and despite his frightful temper, his patients considered him to be a God. In Bhubaneswar the late Dr Jagannath Mohapatra of Old Town area (brother of Late Dr Gadadhar Mohapatra – who preferred advice and patience over prescription) prescribed nutrition, spices and herbs, besides generic drugs, with emphasis on the former. A very well known MD of Forest Park area who concentrated on children refused to treat children who were vaccinated. A prominent and soft spoken opthalmologist of Rajmahal area also practiced homeopathy and was awarded for his successes. A Bengali MD of Unit IV treated with what he called “sympathy” and practiced all pathies with élan.
There is a very senior and highly qualified pathologist in Sahidnagar (a student of Dr Raghu Sahu) who has a wide repertory of such doctors from Odisha but he keeps his knowledge to himself.
When I broach this subject with modern day doctors they say that medical science has advanced and they no longer need such support.
A Professor in Medicine from Kolkata who used to correspond with me narrated how he was pulled up for asking his students to also study other medical philosophies. A letter from him is in my notes section. Plainly, the IMA has forbidden doctors from practicing other pathies.
In an NDTV debate, the then IMA President shocked the audience and even Burkha Dutt when he openly admitted that serving the interests of Big Pharma was his prime duty and he remained mute when Burkha wondered aloud if he was also duty bound to suppress practices outside the domain even if they were beneficial.
It is essential to realize that our present day medical experts are not committed to health. If Richard Horton pointed out that just 15% of medical interventions can stand up to scrutiny, other medical researchers were quick to point out that he had failed to consider the ultimate litmust test – replicability.
Under these circumstances we have no recourse but to be our own doctors. Be informed, be prepared and concentrate on preventive practices. An article today in Medical Express concedes that parents who do not vaccinate their children also prefer organic foods, tend to stay away from chemicals, do prolonged breastfeeding and adopt other healthy practices. A recent study on cancer and women advises women to “stay as natural as possible”. Both people and researchers are waking up. Doctors are laggards because earnings are important and so also is allegiance to the industry that feeds them.

Mad Rush for the "Active Ingredient"

Mad Rush for the "Active Ingredient".
- Jagannath Chatterjee

It is the mindless quest for the "active ingredient" that leads to side effects. In herbs and herbal preparations we find many components. These exist because, as the texts say, the medicine has to be effectively assimilated, judiciously used, and also be eliminated from the body after the work is over. Allopathy has provided a bad name to excellent herbs like Rawalfia Serpentina for instance by trying to isolate and use only the active ingredient which caused serious side effects. According to Dr Pushpa Mittra Bhargava who I approached once on this topic, drug companies have to give a twist to nature to obtain patents, hence the mad rush for the active ingredient which is of course a different product than the herb which cannot be patented.

Cure is Nonlinear

Cure is Nonlinear
- Jagannath Chatterjee

This is an aspect that needs a lot of discussion. Effecting cures or healing as it may be termed is not a straightforward process that leads to immediate disappearance of symptoms. There is usually a healing crisis or a temporary worsening of symptoms. Some Ayurveds, herbalists and naturopaths ascribe this to the release of toxins by the body that may find its way to the bloodstream to be eliminated by the skin, liver and kidneys. There may also be episodes of stomach upsets and diarrhoea. All the parameters of the body may go haywire for sometime as the body takes on a dynamic role - akin to a giant waking up and shaking off fleas. Dr B M Hegde refers to this as healing chaos which he equates with the re-establishment of the life energy. Homeopaths face a totally different situation where suppressed illnesses reappear in the same series as they had been suppressed. Ultimately the disease burden is thrown out in the skin. Whereas the movement of disease is from without to within, the cure happens from within to without, from the upper to the lower, from the more important organ to the less important. It is helpful to know and understand this process.

More the health care, the higher the mortality rates!

"More the health care, the higher the mortality rates!"
- Jagannath Chatterjee

In the year 1978 Cochrane et al made a remarkable finding; increasing the number of physicians in a society led to an increase in death rates. This was a study based on data from 18 countries. They studied the phenomenon variously but the results stayed the same. They called the study, "Anomaly That Wouldn't Go Away"! This was preceded by the Thomas McKeown study "Role of Medicine" that had pointed out exactly what Cochrane et al found. In 1975 Ivan Illich wrote the famous treatise "The Medical Nemesis" and castigated the medical community for spreading death and disease. Many similar studies notably the 1980 Wimberly study, the Mackenbach study, Matteson et al, McKinlay and McKinlay, and Jayachandran and Jarvis findings have substantiated what has now been known for a long time - the more health care, the higher the mortality rates! Since then the drug industry has sponsored studies that have tried to find flaws in these finding but by then the damage was done. The cat was out of the bag.


Tuesday, October 24, 2017

Antibodies are not required for immunity against some viruses

Antibodies are not required for immunity against some viruses

March 1, 2012
Cell Press
A new study turns the well established theory that antibodies are required for antiviral immunity upside down and reveals that an unexpected partnership between the specific and non-specific divisions of the immune system is critical for fighting some types of viral infections. The research may lead to a new understanding of the best way to help protect those exposed to potentially lethal viruses, such as the rabies virus.

Human Microbiome: Resources

The theory of disappearing microbiota and the epidemic of chronic diseases.

Expanding the Role of the Virome: Commensalism in the Gut

  1. Ken Cadwell
  1. Kimmel Center for Biology and Medicine at the Skirball Institute, Department of Microbiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
  1. J. Pfeiffer, Editor
+Author Affiliations


Viruses affect host physiology beyond causing acute disease, thereby giving rise to the concept that the virome is a component of the microbiome. However, the role of the enteric virome is understudied relative to the fast-paced research examining commensal bacteria in the intestine. In this article, I discuss our recent work on murine norovirus indicating that an animal virus in the intestine can provide many of the signals to the host that have been attributed to commensal bacteria. Our findings suggest that the surge in microbiome research should incorporate examination of the enteric virome.

Gut microbiota - architects of small intestinal capillaries.

Khandagale A, et al. Front Biosci (Landmark Ed). 2018.

Stanford study indicates that more than 99 percent of the microbes inside us are unknown to science

A survey of DNA fragments circulating in the blood suggests the microbes living within us are vastly more diverse than previously known. In fact, 99 percent of that DNA has never been seen before.

Intestinal Bacteria Alter Gut and Brain Function